We have 23 miles of reefs on the South East Florida Reef Tract. There are three ridges of natural reefs called 1st, 2nd and 3rd reefs all of which run from North Miami to Palm Beach. The reefs are very close to shore, the furthest is only 1 mile from shore, where the Gulf Stream provides clean, clear water and attracts a wide variety of fish species. Hundreds of wrecks and artificial reefs are sprinkled in and around these areas. With over 100 shipwrecks on 23 miles of reefs in 30 to 300 feet of water this area is truly an Anglers paradise!
Deep water seamounts, ledges, and humps can be found in depths ranging from 500 feet to well over 1,000 feet offshore. Seamounts are close to the Continental Shelf in the warm waters of the Gulf Stream that runs through the Straits of Florida in the Keys up the east coast of Florida. Bait fish tend to school closer to the surface as a result of the strong currents of the Gulf Stream pushing them to the surface. When you find schooling fish you will find the predators targeting the bait schools. The seamounts and ledges are full of the deep water larger migratory predator fish like Billfish, Sailfish, Shark, Kingfish, Wahoo, Tuna, Dolphin (Mahi Mahi) and bottom fish like Tilefish, Snapper, Grouper.
This large underwater river has a water temperature is generally 75 degrees at the surface and can be 45 degrees 2,000 feet down in the Straits of Florida. The width of the Gulf Stream is between 40 and 50 miles and does not have defined banks, it generally shifts seasonally and annually. This swift current flowing north at 2 to 4 knots around Florida’s coast, on occasion flowing as fast as 8 knots. The swift current of the Gulf Stream is a feeding ground for large game fish that you can catch trolling, kite fishing, downrigger fishing. Common species like Blue and White Marlin, Mako Shark, Amberjack, Dolphin (Mahi Mahi), Sailfish, and Blackfin Tuna arrive seasonally.
Anglers from around the world come to the State of Florida to enjoy the nonstop action of our excellent fishing grounds. Florida calls itself “The Fishing Capital of the World”, the fishing can be fast and furious year round in Florida. But not all saltwater fish are here year round. Water temperature varies by season and spawning takes place at certain times of the year motivating fish to migrate with the seasons. Weather also influences the bite.